November 6th, 2010

Prison Nation

Секрет американского благополучия и комфорта прост:
каждый сотый взрослый в тюрьме;
каждый тридцатый - за решеткой или осужден условно.



U.S. Prison Population Dwarfs That of Other Nations

The United States has less than 5 percent of the world's population. But it has almost a quarter of the world's prisoners.

... The United States has, for instance, 2.3 million criminals behind bars, more than any other nation, according to data maintained by the International Center for Prison Studies at King's College London.

... The United States comes in first, too, on a more meaningful list from the prison studies center, the one ranked in order of the incarceration rates. It has 751 people in prison or jail for every 100,000 in population. (If you count only adults, one in 100 Americans is locked up.)

The only other major industrialized nation that even comes close is Russia, with 627 prisoners for every 100,000 people. The others have much lower rates. England's rate is 151; Germany's is 88; and Japan's is 63.

The median among all nations is about 125, roughly a sixth of the American rate.

... People who commit nonviolent crimes in the rest of the world are less likely to receive prison time and certainly less likely to receive long sentences. The United States is, for instance, the only advanced country that incarcerates people for minor property crimes like passing bad checks, Whitman wrote.

Efforts to combat illegal drugs play a major role in explaining long prison sentences in the United States as well. In 1980, there were about 40,000 people in American jails and prisons for drug crimes. These days, there are almost 500,000.

Those figures have drawn contempt from European critics. "The U.S. pursues the war on drugs with an ignorant fanaticism," said Stern of King's College.

... "Minnesota looks more like Sweden than like Texas," said Mauer of the Sentencing Project. (Sweden imprisons about 80 people per 100,000 of population; Minnesota, about 300; and Texas, almost 1,000. Maine has the lowest incarceration rate in the United States, at 273; and Louisiana the highest, at 1,138.)






- Crime in the United States
- Incarceration in the United States
- One in 31 U.S. Adults are Behind Bars, on Parole or Probation
- The world's biggest prison system
- Private Prisons Turn a Handsome Profit
- Secretive U.S. Prison Units Used to House Muslim, Animal Rights and Environmental Activists
- supermaxed.com